Surgical oncology is the branch of surgery applied to oncology, it focuses on the surgical management of tumors, especially cancerous tumors. The surgical oncology department has a team of qualified and trained surgical and urologic oncologists for every aspect of surgical management for cancer patients. All types of cancer surgeries are done as per international standard in the state-of-art operation theaters. The surgical team is backed by a well equipped postoperative intensive care unit for smooth recovery of all patients. The surgeons have a close liaison with the medical oncology department and work as a team.
People with lung cancer may experience the following symptoms or signs. Sometimes people with lung cancer do not show any of these symptoms. Or, these symptoms may be caused by a medical condition that is not cancer.
Most people with lung cancer are diagnosed when the tumor grows, takes up space, or begins to cause problems with parts of the body near the lungs.
Lung cancer affects a huge number of population each year. Although cigarette smoking is the main cause, anyone can develop lung cancer. Lung cancer begins when cells in the lung change and grow uncontrollably, forming a mass called a tumor, a lesion or a nodule. A lung tumor can begin anywhere in the lung. A tumor can be cancerous or benign. Once a cancerous lung tumor grows, it may or may not shed cancer cells. These cells can be carried away in blood or float away in the fluid, called lymph, that surrounds lung tissue.The natural flow of lymph out of the lungs is toward the center of the chest which explains why lung cancer often spreads there first. When a cancer cell moves into a lymph node or to a distant part of the body through the bloodstream, it is called metastasis.
Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the breast. The disease occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it too. The cancer cells if spread to lymph nodes there is a higher chance that the cells could have also gotten into the bloodstream and spread (metastasized) to other sites in the body. The more lymph nodes with breast cancer cells, the more likely it is that the cancer may be found in other organs as well. Because of this finding cancer in one or more lymph nodes often affects the treatment plan. Still not all women with cancer cells in their lymph nodes develop metastases and some women can have no cancer cells in their lymph nodes and later develop metastases.
Screening such as mammograms is to find cancers before they start to cause symptoms. Breast cancers found during screening exams are more likely to be small and still confined to the breast Breast cancers that are found because they can be felt tend to be larger and are more likely to have already spread beyond the breast. In contrast. The size of a breast cancer and how far it has spread are important factors in predicting the prognosis (outlook) for a woman with this disease.
Head and Neck Cancer is a term used to describe a number of different malignant tumors that develop in or around the throat, larynx, nose, sinuses and mouth. People with head and neck cancer often experience the following symptoms or signs. Sometimes people with head and neck cancer do not show any of these symptoms. Or these symptoms may be caused by a medical condition that is not cancer.
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most prevalent form of liver cancer and the fifth most common cancer in the world. It is more prevalent in regions with a high rate of hepatitis B virus (HBV), which causes liver cancer as its disrupts the normal genetic material in liver cells, thereby often causing the liver cells to become cancerous. Many other factors may contribute to the increase in liver cancer which include heavy alcohol consumption, fatty liver disease, obesity, diabetes mellitus and iron storage diseases.
Pancreatic cancer is a disease in which normal cells in the pancreas stop working correctly and grow uncontrollably. These cancerous cells can build up and form a mass called a tumor. As it grows, a pancreatic tumor can affect the function of the pancreas, grow into nearby blood vessels and organs, and eventually metastasize (spread) to other parts of the body. There are several types of pancreatic cancer, depending on whether the cancer began in the exocrine or endocrine component. Pancreatic cancer is a silent disease because there are not many noticeable symptoms early on. And there are currently no tests that can reliably find the cancer for people who do not have symptoms. When there are symptoms they are similar to the symptoms of other medical conditions, such as ulcers or pancreatitis.
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Bone tumors develop when cells in the bone divide without control, forming a mass of tissue. Benign tumors of the bone are more common than the malignant tumors. They weaken bone and lead to fractures or cause other problems. Bone cancer that destroys normal bone tissue and spread to other parts of the body are called metastasis. There are various types of Benign and Malignant tumors. There can be Primary Bone tumors which that forms first in bone. It is less common than metastatic cancer. Secondary Bone tumors are usually that are spread there from elsewhere in the body. Cancers that commonly spread to bone include:
Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of death from cancers. It includes colon cancer, which is based in the large intestine (colon), the lower part of your digestive system. It also includes rectal cancer, which affects the last inches of the colon. Colon cancer is 2.5 times more common than rectal cancer, while rectal cancers account for fewer than 4% of all lower gastrointestinal cancers.
Swelling or sore that does not heal, the most common symptom.
Because many of these symptoms can be caused by other noncancerous health conditions as well, it is important to receive regular health and dental screenings. This is particularly important for people who routinely drink alcohol or currently use tobacco products or have used them in the past. In fact people who use alcohol or tobacco should receive a general screening examination at least once a year. This is a simple, quick procedure in which the doctor looks in the nose, mouth and throat for abnormalities and feels for lumps in the neck.